Varicose veins: More than just a cosmetic problem

Varicose veins of the stem vein are not only visually disturbing they are also symptoms of an illness that must be taken seriously. The real problem is the amount of blood that moves the wrong way in the leg. The affected superficial veins contain too much blood and are therefore put under strain.
This can have negative effects on the whole organism and the coagulation of the blood, especially when you change your position. One of the acute complications is varicophlebitis. Along the superficial varicose veins the thrombosed blood causes painful, red and knotty hardenings. In addition, there is a risk of variceal bleeding.

Far-reaching consequences

If the superficial veins cannot fulfil their task any longer the deep veins must carry the blood to the heart. When there is too much strain on the valve system it will, sooner or later, irreparably be damaged. A damage of the valves in the deep vein system can no longer be treated by operation. A chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) with corresponding serious and permanent consequences is the result. Typical symptoms of CVI are pains after long standing, heavy, weary or restless legs, itching, cramps in the calf during the night or a feeling of pressure and tension.

The development of edema

Die Volumensteigerung in den tiefen Venen führt zu einer Druckerhöhung im Gefäßsystem, die wiederum Auswirkungen auf die Haut im Unterschenkelbereich hat. Im Verlauf der Erkrankung wird sie häufig dunkler, bekommt Pigmenteinlagerungen, mehr Venenzeichnungen und The increase of blood in the deep veins rises the pressure in the vessel system which has effects on the skin in the lower legs. In the course of the disease the skin quite often becomes darker, pigmental spots and veins show more clearly, the skin seems to be tougher. This is called dermatoliposclerosis. Some parts can become more sensitive later on so that edema, eczema and ulcers develop. Medicine talks of the so-called “ulcerated leg” (Ulcus cruris). At the same time the risk of deep vein thrombosis grows, especially when the patient does not move on a long-distance flight, for instance.

The sooner the better

The relevant guidelines of the “Deutsche phlebologische Gesellschaft” (German Association of Phlebology) advise to take minimally invasive measures to treat varicose veins as early as possible. When the first symptoms appear you should not wait for further signs of discomfort. . A lot of venous diseases can be identified by sight or touch. Today ultrasound diagnosis is the premium standard. Doppler ultrasonography – or even better – modern colour-coded duplex sonography are the means to precisely locate and assess thrombosis as well as reverse blood flow and damaged valves.

Learn more:
Spider veins: Diagnosis and treatment

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2019-10-25T13:47:01+02:00