Die Volumensteigerung in den tiefen Venen führt zu einer Druckerhöhung im Gefäßsystem, die wiederum Auswirkungen auf die Haut im Unterschenkelbereich hat. Im Verlauf der Erkrankung wird sie häufig dunkler, bekommt Pigmenteinlagerungen, mehr Venenzeichnungen und The increase of blood in the deep veins rises the pressure in the vessel system which has effects on the skin in the lower legs. In the course of the disease the skin quite often becomes darker, pigmental spots and veins show more clearly, the skin seems to be tougher. This is called dermatoliposclerosis. Some parts can become more sensitive later on so that edema, eczema and ulcers develop. Medicine talks of the so-called “ulcerated leg” (Ulcus cruris). At the same time the risk of deep vein thrombosis grows, especially when the patient does not move on a long-distance flight, for instance.
The relevant guidelines of the “Deutsche phlebologische Gesellschaft” (German Association of Phlebology) advise to take minimally invasive measures to treat varicose veins as early as possible. When the first symptoms appear you should not wait for further signs of discomfort. . A lot of venous diseases can be identified by sight or touch. Today ultrasound diagnosis is the premium standard. Doppler ultrasonography – or even better – modern colour-coded duplex sonography are the means to precisely locate and assess thrombosis as well as reverse blood flow and damaged valves.
Spider veins: Diagnosis and treatment